How Mindset Shapes You
Understanding Mindset can forever transform your approach to art and learning.
Carol Dweck, Ph.D., is one of the world’s leading researchers in the field of motivation and a Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. Her research has focused on why some people succeed while others do not. To me, her most powerful idea is about Fixed Mindset and Growth Mindset.
If you have not consciously chosen your Mindset, you have inherited it. If your parents and teachers haven’t made conscious choices either, chances are that your Mindset is hurting you in profound ways. The good news: you can change your Mindset.
The Fixed Mindset
When you have a Fixed Mindset, you see your ability as unchangeable. You might say “I’m good at math and bad at sports. That’s all there is to it.” If you don’t see any talent, then trying to improve appears pointless because in that rationale you’ll always be a mediocre athlete at best.
A Fixed Mindset can also affect you if you think you are pretty good at something. If winning makes you a winner, your identity can easily get tied to your performance. This turns failure into the single most terrifying thing – to be avoided at any cost. A person in a Fixed Mindset will do anything to look smart. That removes the possibility of actually becoming smarter. This has profound implications. The immense pressure of maintaining a perfectionist image can kill your passion for any field.
The Growth Mindset
In the Growth Mindset, you understand that you can develop skill in any area through consistent practice. Just like you learned to walk, you can learn to sing, dance, speak French, or paint a portrait.
It’s not about being talented – it’s about becoming talented.
Carol Dweck quotes a seven-year-old girl who shares her approach:
“I think intelligence is something you have to work for. It isn’t just given to you… Most kids, if they’re not sure of an answer, will not raise their hand to answer the question. But what I usually do is raise my hand, because if I’m wrong, then my mistake will be corrected. Or I will raise my hand and say, ‘How would this be solved?’ or ‘I don’t get this. Can you help me?’ Just by doing that I’m increasing my intelligence.”
M.C. Escher, Two Birds, 1938
Failure = Growth
Josh Waitzkin is a chess master, Tai Chi Chuan World Champion and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt. He shares the following in his transformative book The Art of Learning:
We must take responsibility for ourselves, and not expect the rest of the world to understand what it takes to become the best that we can become. Great ones are willing to get burned time and again as they sharpen their swords in the fire.
As artists, we feel pain when we destroy a beautiful passage in a work because we took a risk. These are our “burns”.
Notice when you pull back from something you are curious to explore. Stop. You have a choice. Consider the implications. I believe that these moments of choice shape our character. Take risks. Practice “looking bad”.
Failure is not when you mess up a drawing. Failure is when you don’t try something because you are afraid that it might mess up your drawing. The richest insights come when you are willing to risk getting burned.
The atelier environment breeds artists that are risk-averse. We spend all day working slowly and carefully. We get lots of praise from friends and family that reinforce the idea of being a “talented artist”. (Red flag: Fixed Mindset!) Thank them for their compliment (they mean well), but hold firmly to your Growth Mindset.
Walking my Talk
You might get a kick out of this. As I was writing this article I received an invitation for a “bad taste” party. I’m already uncomfortable at most social gatherings. So when I picture myself dressing up in ridiculous clothing and facing a room full of strangers, I feel one thing: massive resistance. It was an easy decision – skip the party and use my Friday night as planned: to finish the article and publish it.
Then it hit me…
I was about to turn down one of life’s invitations to take a risk – in order to publish an article about taking risks!
I could feel my entire body tensing up. I knew deep down that the only way out is through. I had to find a way to get from “I can’t.” to “Fuck. There is no other way. I have to do this.” The desire for growth was stronger than my fear of embarrassment. I took the leap.
The moment I put on my wife’s striped yellow pants, all the fear dissolved and I laughed out loud. I felt so alive! For the rest of the night, I was able to just enjoy being silly and meeting new people. Here is a photo of me that night:
I am grateful for the opportunity to think about these things and share them with you.
Thank you for reading, you help me stay honest!
To you and me taking rewarding risks,
Where can you take a rewarding risk right now?
- Find a piece of paper and a pen.
- Write down a list of at least five things you know you should do but have been afraid of.
Is it making that phone call? Erasing and redrawing that head that is almost right?
- Close your eyes and remember a time when you were courageous.
See what you saw, hear what you heard. Really get into that memory.
- Choose one item from the list that you feel ready for, and just do it.
Then let me know how it went.
I’m enabling comments for this post because I would love to hear what you have done. Please share!
If you want to dig deeper, these books are excellent:
Mindset by Carol Dweck
The Art of Learning by Josh Waitzkin
Antifragile by Nassim Taleb
Anything You Want by Derek Sivers
Thanks Dorian. A great reminder to be brave in all aspects of life. Good for you. I am really enjoying your blog and classes! The depth of information is amazing.
Thank you for the kind words Abby!
Dear Dorian! Please don’t ever think of ending your blogging! Your insights, information and eloquence in English are a reason to look forward to Fridays! The reading recommendations, wonderful (have purchased several). Greetings, Caroline
That’s very sweet of you Caroline 🙂 Thank you for the encouragement!
I’m afraid of painting, period. Afraid I’ll mess it, it’ll turn out bad, wrong values, mistakes in the drawing, you name it. This fear paralizes me into not touching canvas, not putting paint on panel. Because wherever I go people look and judge what you do, citicize without even realizing that they make lots of errors themselves, without ever thinking that their works could do with revision and improvement. In other words, they’re perfect, and people like me who try a technnique and apply themselves to learning just have no talent.
I’ve been really intrigued by people who think they got it, what they do is always great, people who think that they can’t make a mistake. I guess they’re in a fixed sort of mindset. Their idea is that if you have to LEARN something you simply have NO TALENT.
So I keep making mistakes in public, my sketchbooks are filled with failures. Once in a while a good one comes out. Then more. Then less. Still I hear the criticism, put-downs in the background. Only this time it’s spite, jealousy, you name it.
After getting through ”The Art of learning” I’m tackling ”The Nibble Theory” by Kaleel Jamison in order to learn to grow on my own and put away the condescending voices of those who just want power over you.
Hope you will all read it too
More power to you.
Thank you for sharing Dominique!
Thank you very very much, your words mean so much to as a blooming person and artist. I come from 60 years of being in religious cult where art was not allowed. I have much to learn and deeply appreciate your words of wisdom. At the age of 67 I get to start over and you are invaluable in helping me build a new foundation. Thank you my friend!
Thank you for taking the time to share this, Judith. It’s wonderful to hear that you consider yourself a blooming person and artist! I cheer for us!
You sketching course is helping me face the empty page every day and put something on, however I wish. Seeing others’ work also helps, as some of the drawings are far from perfect, and that frees me up to share my own far-from-perfect ones too.
Dear John, that makes me so happy to hear! Thank you for taking the time to write.
Great insight! Thanks Dorian :D, I’m always trying to keep encouraging myself to face what I don’t want to do but I have to, this makes what I’ve believed isn’t quite wrong!
All the best!